"Torts" are personal injuries caused by civil wrongs, and can include the following:
There are generally two types of torts:
Some tort cases can involve behavior where one party carelessly causes an accident. Generally, lawsuits attempting to prove fault for an accident are also referred to as negligence claims where one party owes a duty of care to another, fails to meet that level of care, and that failure causes a tangible harm to someone else. Most accidental tort cases hinge on being able to prove fault.
While many intentional torts are also criminal acts, civil law allows for tort lawsuits to help victims recover the full amount of their damages. The simplest form of intentional tort is a physical harm like battery or assault. Tougher tort cases include defamation, invasion of privacy, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. Other intentional torts include fraud, trespassing, and "conversion," which resemble theft.